Interpretation of quantitative PCR report values can be misleading (e.g., ⩽5000 CMV DNA copies/mL), because low copy levels of target nucleic acid (i.e., 500-5000 CMV copies/mL) may not be reproducible if detected in repeated assays from the same or different specimens Epstein-Barr Virus DNA, Quantitative, Real-Time PCR - Monitoring EBV DNA levels by quantitative PCR in patients at risk of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders may allow timely recognition of virus reactivation and permit installment of antiviral treatment The EBV (Epstein Barr) PCR Qualitative test is used as a screening for Epstein-Barr Virus. This test looks for the genetic material of the virus. PCR testing can be more sensitive than standard antibody testing for EBV. In cases when antibody tests for EBV fail to produce definitive results, a PCR test may be more useful EBV is the etiologic agent of most post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD), which is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in both solid organ transplant recipients and HSCT patients. PTLD results from uncontrolled EBV-induced proliferation of B-cells in the immunocompromised setting. Quantitative EBV DNA PCR can be used to. . Days Performed: Mon-Fri. In-Lab Turnaround Time: 2 - 3 days. Stat In-Lab Turnaround Time: Not available stat
This assay has been calibrated to the 1 st WHO International Standard for Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), NIBSC code 09/260 and results are reported in International Units per milliliter (IU/mL). The lower quantitative sensitivity was validated to 150 IU/mL 36923-1. 139490. Order Code Name. EBV PCR Quant (Whole Blood) Result Code. 139492. Result Code Name. log10 EBV DNA Qn PCR. UofM Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis, Burkitt lymphoma, and in Southern China, nasopharyngeal carcinoma. EBV-associated central nervous system (CNS) disease is most commonly associated with primary CNS lymphoma in patients with AIDS
Control EBV DNA. Two commercial lot numbers of fluorimetrically quantified EBV B95-8 DNA (Advanced Biotechnologies, Inc., Columbia, MA) were used to create a six-point tenfold serial dilution series, ranging from 2.62 copies/μl to 2.62 × 10 6 copies/μl to be used as quantitative calibrators. A separate dilution was prepared for each of the three test panels that were distributed EBV PCR in Virology: Since 2005, the Virology Laboratory has performed real-time EBV PCR for the qualitative detection of EBV in CSF and is now offering the same assay as a quantitative test (see Appendix for additional info). This EBV PCR test was originally developed as a quantitative plasma PCR test for transplant patients (1,2) EBV = Epstein-Barr virus; H&N = head and neck; NPC = nasopharyngeal carcinoma; PCR = polymerase chain reaction. Open in new tab Several studies have also reported detailed side-by-side comparisons of the performance of some of these assays Those researchers ensures their patients had CAEBV by doing a Quantitative Epstein Barr Virus DNA PCR. Essentially the labs you have had snow your body has been exposed to EBV at some point and mounted an immune response. Only by checking for the EBV DNA in your blood can you know if EBV is actually active and replicating in your system Peripheral blood EBV viral load by PCR is part of the diagnostic workup for EBV-associated lymphoproliferative diseases and EBV-associated PTLD, is used to assess the risk for developing PTLD, and is recommended for monitoring EBV DNAemia in patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). 2, 1
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), Qualitative, PCR. This test is used to detect the presence of Epstein-Barr Virus DNA in a blood sample. This is a qualitative PCR test that will provide a positive or negative result. Test results may take 3-5 business days. Sample Results EBV is the etiologic agent of most post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder ( PTLD ), which is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in both solid organ transplant recipients and HSCT patients. PTLD results from uncontrolled EBV -induced proliferation of B-cells in the immunocompromised setting. Quantitative EBV DNA PCR can be used.
EBV PCR is commonly used to monitor transplant patients. EBV PCR is a real time PCR, for the detection and quantitation of EBV from whole blood. The AltoStar® EBV PCR Kit 1.5 is an in vitro diagnostic test, based on real-time PCR technology, for the detection and quantification of Epstein-Barr virus specific DNA in human plasma and whole blood. Need help understanding please.....I just rec'd these results: EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS DNA, QN RT PCR: 07/15/2011 09:46 AM SOURCE Whole Blood EBV DNA, QN PCR 265 H <200 What is this for? my previous EBV tests from 9/2010 are: EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS VCA ANTIBODY (IGM) Note: Index Interpretation < or = 0.90 Negative or = 1.10 Positive EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS VCA ANTIBODY (IGG) Note: Index Interpretation or. The interpretation of CMV DNA viral load values can be complex, and numerous virus and host factors should be considered when assessing the risk of CMV disease. An understanding of the performance characteristics of the viral load test is necessary for appropriate interpretation of test results A 2012 revision of the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center guidelines on monitoring of EBV following transplantation recommend that all patients be monitored for evidence of increased EBV-induced B-cell proliferation or EBV reactivation ( by measuring blood quantitative EBV PCR at regular intervals after transplantation
36923-1. 139490. Order Code Name. EBV PCR Quant (Whole Blood) Result Code. 139492. Result Code Name. log10 EBV DNA Qn PCR. UofM Quantitative PCR detected 2 samples with EBV (5700-6000 copies/mL; median, 5850 copies/mL). In the acute EBV group (n = 50), ages ranged from 1 to 27 years (mean, 12.4 years; median, 13.5 years). There were 30 females and 20 males. Quantitative PCR detected EBV in 35 (70%) samples (range, 4200-400 000 copies/mL; median, 21 000 copies/mL. EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS DNA, QUANTITATIVE REAL-TIME PCR, CSF Back to test catalog. Copy. Interpretation Guides & Forms; Education; Specimen Collection and Transport Ordering Code Result Code Component Name LOINC Code AOE Prompt Units; Epstein-Barr Virus DNA, Quant Real-Time PCR, CSF: 3400475: 3400476: Source: 31208-2: Yes: 3400477: EBV DNA.
EBV and CMV quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) were done as previously described. 15,16 Briefly, blood samples were collected in EDTA-treated tubes and the NucliSens kit reagents (bioMérieux, Durham, NC) were used according to the manufacturer's recommendations to extract total nucleic acid from the whole-blood (for CMV. 4500 - Epstein Barr Virus EBV Quantitative PCR - 7/6/2021 7:53:59 AM Page 2 of 3 The CPT codes provided are based on Viracor Eurofins' interpretation of the American Medical Association's Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and are provided for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party estimate the kinetics of EBV load and the impact of treatments to control EBV reactivations. Keywords: EBV, Quantitative PCR, Hematopoietic stem cell transplant, Monitoring , Rituximab Background Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is a member of the Herpesviridae family. It is estimated that this ubiquitous virus infects mor Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) Quantitative PCR, CSF. See also: Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) Quantitative PCR, Blood. Epstein-Barr Virus Acute Panel, Plasma. EZH2 Targeted Mutation Analysis with Interpretation, Blood, Bone Marrow Aspirate, Tissue (formalin fixed paraffin embedded Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is an important etiological factor of NPC. The fact that EBV genome is present in almost all NPC tissues renders it an ideal tumor marker for NPC. To date, quantitative analysis of plasma EBV DNA has been shown to be clinically useful for the detection, monitoring, and prognostication of NPC
EBV Quant CSF Log copy/mL Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction: 53774-6 EBV Quant CSF Copy/mL Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction: 32585-2 EBV Quant CSF Interpretation Interpretive information. 5005-4 EBV Quantitative PCR Specimen Source Promp Interpreting viral loads less than 2 on the in quantitative precision can be achieved for EBV PCR using log-scale as negative findings would introduce substantially real-time methods. The generation of internationally agreed greater disagreement in interpretation across laboratories for upon calibration standards would be a first step toward. . Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) DNA is detected via nucleic acid amplification. Quantitative nucleic acid detection assays offer analytic sensitivity to detect infection at an early stage before clinically significant disease occurs
Adenovirus Quantitative Real-time PCR. Test Code: 7500. Some specimen types for this assay are reported as qualitative results; please see our Specimen Information section below for more information. Expand All Collapse All. Clinical and Procedure. Clinical Utility. Adenovirus is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the transplant. 6. If a standard curve is included for quantitative analysis, prepare a reaction mix according to the table below: Component Volume oasig or PrecisionPLUS 2X qPCR Master Mix EBV primer/probe mix (BROWN) 1 µl Final Volume 15 µl 10 µl RNase/DNase free water (WHITE) 4 µl Quantification of Epstein Barr Virus (Human Herpes virus 4) genomes. The cobas BKV is a quantitative test performed on the cobas 6800 System and cobas 8800 System. cobas BKV enables the detection of BKV DNA in plasma and cobas PCR media stabilized urine specimens. The cobas BKV is a dual target assay, with both targets using the same dye. The DNA Internal Control, used to monitor the entire sample preparation. QUANTITATIVE DETECTION OF EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS (EBV) IN PLASMA AND WHOLE BLOOD MATRICES Lijie Gong1, Maureen Carey1*, Kristin Krach1, Jessica Zhu1, Michelle Mastronardi1, Darren Tomlinson2, Betty Wu1, Sundu Brahmasandra1 1NeuMoDx Molecular, Ann Arbor, MI United States 2Qiagen, Manchester, United Kingdom BACKGROUND EBV-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) often occur
PCR Quantitative PCR EBV antibody panel and VCA IgA antibody Positive in 90% of adults and <50% of children with I.M. Request if heterophile antibody is negative or if unusual clinical presentation Note: EBV in lymphocytes can give positive CSF PCR in absence of EBV-associated disease Tissue in situ hybridization done by Patholog Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a virus that typically causes a mild to moderate illness. Blood tests for Epstein-Barr virus detect antibodies to EBV in the blood and help establish a diagnosis of EBV infection.. Epstein-Barr virus causes an infection that is very common. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), most people in the United States are infected by EBV at some. Accurate quantitation of the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is critical to the monitoring of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) in immunocompromised graft recipients. The Abbott RealTi m e EBV assay provides precise, reliable viral load results for supporting clinical management decisions. Abbott RealTi m e EBV assay has a low limit. Cytomegalovirus DNA, Quantitative, Real-Time PCR - In patients who are immunocompromised, CMV may cause disseminated, severe disease. CMV is also the most common cause of congenital viral infection in humans. Quantitative PCR methods may be useful in monitoring CMV replication in immunosuppressed patients or in determining the viral load of CMV in amniotic fluid
artus EBV PCR Kits are ready-to-use molecular detection kits for real-time PCR. The kits provide all necessary reagents optimized for EBV DNA detection and quantitation. artus EBV LC, RG, and TM PCR Kits use manual or automated sample preparation and manual assay setup techniques. The artus EBV QS-RGQ Kit is part of the QIAsymphony RGQ, the complete automated system from sample to pathogen. Real-Time Quantitative EBV DNA PCR. Circulating EBV DNA concentrations were measured using a real-time quantitative PCR system toward the BamHI-W fragment region of the EBV genome .The BamHI-W PCR system consisted of the following amplification primers: W-44F, 5′-CCC AAC ACT CCA CCA CAC C-3′; W-119R, 5′-TCT TAG GAG CTG TCC GAG GG-3′; and a dual-labeled fluorescent probe W-67T, 5. artus EBV PCR Kits are ready-to-use molecular detection kits for real-time PCR.The kits provide all necessary reagents optimized for reliable EBV DNA detection and quantitation for in vitro diagnostic use. artus EBV LC, RG, and TM PCR Kits use manual or automated sample preparation and manual assay setup techniques.The artus EBV RG PCR Kit is also available as EASYartus EBV RG PCR Kits. instrument, EBV ELITe MGB kit on ELITe InGenius system and AccuPower EBV Quantitative PCR Kit on Exicycler real-time PCR system. For Bioneer reagent, nucleic acid was extracted using the MagNA Pure 96 system. Abbott and ELITech Group adopts fully automated system including extraction, PCR reaction set up, amplification and interpretation of EBV. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of the herpes virus family. It's one of the most common viruses to infect people around the world. According to the Centers for Disease Control and.
The quantitative range of this test is 2.6- 6.6 log copies/mL (390-3,900,000 copies/mL) or 2.4- 6.4 log IU/mL (227- 2,270,000 IU/mL). One IU/mL of CMV DNA is approximately 1.72 copies/mL. A negative result (less than 2.6 log copies/mL [less than 390 copies/mL] OR less than 2.4 log IU/mL [less than 227 IU/mL]) does not rule out the presence of. Epstein-Barr Virus DNA, Quantitative, Real-Time PCR - Monitoring EBV DNA levels by quantitative PCR in patients at risk of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders may allow timely recognition of virus reactivation. This real-time, quantitative PCR assay can be used for the detection of primary infection, by the demonstration of viraemia, as well as complications such as meningitis or encephalitis. EBV infection has the potential to reactivate (or cause primary infection) in the immunocompromised host and thus this assay is employed for the screening of.
EBV (Viral load) Quantitative Test Cost. ₹ 6,500.00 ₹ 5,000.00. -23%. EBV (Viral load) Quantitative Genetic dna test is done using Real Time PCR and sample type is Serum, Whole blood, Plasma Plural fluid total time for result reports is 3rd Working Day Email:-36 hours. On phone: 24 hours Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can be detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), serology, viral culture, and histology. Quantitative PCR is generally the preferred test to detect CMV infection and guide posttransplantation therapy. 3. Miller M, Binnicker MJ, Campbell S, et al. A guide to utilization of the microbiology laboratory for diagnosis of. EPSTEIN BARR VIRUS (EBV), PCR QUANTITATIVE Result/s to follow: IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS *Test results released pertain to the specimen submitted.*All test results are dependent on the quality of the sample received by the Laboratory
AN ASSAY KIT FOR THE QUANTITATIVE DETECTION OF EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS DNA (EBV) BY REAL-TIME PCR METHOD In vitro diagnosticum 1. INTRODUCTION Clinical information: The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV; also Human Herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) is a human pathogen, enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus Standardized and sensitive assays for Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) are needed to define universal cutoff for treatment initiation in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplant recipients. In a context of accreditation and the availability of EBV international standard, we evaluated the Abbott RealTime EBV (RT) assay for EBV quantification in whole blood @Ema or @Hip How would the EBV PCR Quant (Whole Blood) fit in with all of this? Mine is currently positive at 110 and it says, The quantitative range of this assay is 100 to 1 million copies/mL. Both of my doctors said it is positive, and I am not doubting this, but am trying to understand what 110 means since there is no real range or titer Epstein Barr Virus and Mononucleosis. Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is a very common infection. Over 90% of the world's population tests positive for exposure to it. In conventional medicine EVB is the cause of infectious mononucleosis. This is commonly called mono.. Mono often strikes teenagers and young adults . However, data to assist its use or interpretation are limited. Objective: We investigated factors possibly influencing viral detection in CSF by PCR, which will also help clinicians interpret positive and negative results
Real time PCR (quantitative PCR, qPCR) is now a well-established method for the detection, quantification, and typing of different microbial agents in the areas of clinical and veterinary diagnostics and food safety. Although the concept of PCR is relatively simple, there are specific issues in qPCR that developers and users of this technology must bear in mind a sensitive real-time PCR assay to deliver highly accurate results in a completely automated manner. (TAT) for the NeuMoDx EBV Test was ~62 min and the results interpretation module incorporated for automated The NeuMoDx EBV Test demonstrated excellent quantitative correlation between plasma and whole blood matrices with Deming and. Clinical research suggests a role for viral load measurement in predicting and monitoring Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the recently commercially available quantitative assays for EBV based on real-time PCR: the RealArt EBV LC PCR kit and the LightCycler EBV quantification kit. A total of 87 samples were analyzed: 67. In situ hybridization, RNA and protein based assays, detection of EBV DNA in blood samples by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), Southern blotting and Dot blotting have all been used in the diagnosis and monitoring of primary EBV infection, reactivation, and in EBV-related diseases (68, 124)
The LabCorp test is called Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), Quantitative, DNA PCR, Whole Blood (Code: 139490) - here is a link to the test. This test will be more expensive and may not be covered by insurance, but it will give you the quantitative count of whole EBV DNA in the blood Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is a member of the herpes virus family and is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis. Typical serological assays measure IgG and IgM antibodies directed against different components of EBV. Viral Capsid (VCA) are used to detect antibodies generally produced during the acute phase of the infection whereas the EBNA-1 protein is used to detect IgG produced during. About Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpesvirus 4, is a member of the herpes virus family. It is one of the most common human viruses. EBV is found all over the world. Most people get infected with EBV at some point in their lives. EBV spreads most commonly through bodily fluids, primarily saliva Finally, both methods apply reverse transcription-based real-time PCR (i.e., quantitative polymerase chain reaction, qPCR) to quantitatively measure the amount of specific transcripts. We shall describe these methods step by step and demonstrate their use for the determination of EBER1 promoter activity in EBV-positive cell lines Quantitative Real time PCR (qRT-PCR) Quantitative Real time PCR (qRT-PCR) of 10 ul of Total RNA template (50 ng) of EBV + (positive) and EBV-(negative) samples were used to amplify EBER 1/EBER 2 and IL-10 aimed primers (Table 1).Thermocycling was performed at 95°C for 3 minutes, followed by 40 cycles at 94°C for 30 s, 54°C for 30 s, and 72°C for 40 s to measure the fluorescence signal
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) is a very rare complication of an Epstein Barr virus (EBV) infection. Symptoms of CAEBV may include fever, swollen lymph nodes, and an enlarged liver and/or spleen.More serious complications may include anemia, nerve damage, liver failure, and/or interstitial pneumonia.Symptoms may be constant or come and go, and tend to get worse over time Language Interpretation Services. EBV Quantitative PCR. Alternate test name. Epstein Barr Virus, post transplant lymphoproliferative disease ( PTLD) Gene name / Alternate gene name. Proprietary. Lab area. Microbiology - Molecular. Method and equipment Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or human herpesvirus 4 is ubiquitous, and about 90% of adults throughout the world have antibodies against it.Acute infection is usually asymptomatic in immunocompetent children, and manifests itself as mononucleosis in 30%-50% of immunocompetent adolescents and adults[2,3].Especially in immunocompromised patients, EBV is associated with various lymphoproliferative. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies are a group of tests that are requested to help diagnose a current, recent, or past EBV infection. EBV is a member of the herpes virus family. Passed through the saliva, the virus causes an infection that is very common. As many as 95% of people in the United Kingdom will have been infected by EBV by the time they are 40 years old
Quantitative EBV PCR monitoring for patients at high risk of EBV PTLD (EBV recipient seronegative/donor seropositive) is used at many transplant centers during the first year post-transplant. Increasing numbers of latently infected B cells are found circulating, and EBV DNA in PBMCs may increase many weeks prior to manifestations of PTLD . The quantification range of this assay is 100 to 5,000,000 IU/mL (or 2.00-6.70 log IU/mL), with a limit of detection (based on a 95% detection rate) at 45 IU/mL (1.65 log IU/mL). Increasing levels of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in serial plasma specimens of a given organ transplant recipient may indicate possible development of. SUMMARY Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA measurement is being incorporated into routine medical practice to help diagnose, monitor, and predict posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) in immunocompromised graft recipients. PTLD is an aggressive neoplasm that almost always harbors EBV DNA within the neoplastic lymphocytes, and it is often fatal if not recognized and treated promptly.
Real-time quantitative PCR (EBV DNA) Real-time quantitative PCR of EBV DNA from plasma was carried out at SunYat-sen University Cancer Center (26). The real-time quantitative PCR system was developed for EBV DNA detection toward the BamHI-W region 8005804 EBV DNA Quantitative PCR 3148 9000018 Gram Stain Respiratory 3142. 8004397 HBV DNA Quantitative PCR 1054 8001069 Single Antigen ID Class II 1045 8000104 Diff,Path Interpretation 107 9000023 Staph aureus Culture 10 Question 1. How does Quest Diagnostics perform PCR testing for the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene found in chronic myelogenous leukemias (CML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) that bear the t(9;22) Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome?. For new patients, Quest Diagnostics will test for both the P210 isoform (e13a2 and e14a2 transcripts) and the P190 isoform (e1a2 fusion) Detection of circulating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. With the high sensitivity and specificity of plasma EBV DNA analysis for NPC demonstrated by Lo et al. (), this method have been further validated by different groups around the world.These validation studies varied in assay design, choice of sample type (serum vs. plasma), extraction volume and.
CD20+CD27+ALDhigh cells by quantitative PCR for EBV DNA and immunofluorescence. In contrast EBV is absent from these patients plasma cells. The phenotypic characteristics of this CD20+CD27+ALDhigh fraction overlap with the putative cancer stem cell fraction. These results taken together suggest a new model of EBV associated multiple myeloma The invention provides a high-sensitivity EBV DNA quantitative detection kit based on ddPCR and a using method thereof. The kit comprises DNA extraction buffer solution, PCR primers and probes, a PCR reaction solution and EBV positive and negative control. When the kit provided by the invention is used for detecting ddPCR, the influences of PCR equipment, standard substances and the like can.
REALQUALITY RQ-EBV. Description. REALQUALITY RQ-EBV is a diagnostic CE-IVD kit for the identification and quantification of the DNA of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) by Real time PCR. Peculiarity. The device is validated on DNA extracted from various samples types; The assay requires only 5 µL of DNA extracte PCR products were analyzed by electrophoresis in 2% agarose gels, stained with ethidium bromide and observed under UV light. A result was considered positive when both the sample and positive control in the second round of PCR presented a band corresponding to 159‐bp (CMV), 209‐bp (EBV), and 258‐bp (HHV‐6) DNA fragment, while there was no band in the negative control Fig. 1. EBV genome content of Awia-BL. (A Left) PCR analysis of Awia-BL and the Awia-tr-LCL by using primer/probe combinations specific for the EBNA2 sequence or for a BamHI W-H fusion fragment (EBNA2 gene deletion).BJAB is an EBV-negative control line. Rael-BL is a standard Latency I BL line. (A Right) Parallel data from a representative range of Awia-BL clones The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), formally called Human gammaherpesvirus 4, is one of the nine known human herpesvirus types in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans. EBV is a double-stranded DNA virus.. It is best known as the cause of infectious mononucleosis (mono or glandular fever). It is also associated with various non-malignant, premalignant, and. Figure 2 . EBV upregulates the expression of NOX2 and Nrf2. (A) The mRNA levels of NOX2 in EBV-positive and -negative cells were detected by RT-PCR. Data are shown as means ± S.D.; n = 3; **p < 0.01.(B) NOX2 protein expression was detected by western blot analysis and β-actin was used as an internal control.(C-D) The NOX2 of EBV-positive cells were treatment with siNOX2, and ROS levels were. No PCR signal was obtained from the extracts of a variety of human viruses that can be found in urine or plasma, including cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, human herpesvirus-6, enterovirus, adenovirus, and mumps virus. Precision: Qualitative inter-assay and intra-assay precision were 100%