Hanukkah or Chanukah is an annual Jewish celebration in the late fall/early winter that dates back to circa 164 BC (or the intertestamental period - between the Old and New Testaments) and was also referred to as Festival of Lights or Feast of the Dedication or Feast of the Maccabees Hanukkah, 1 and 2 Maccabees, and the Apocrypha. Lucas van Leyden, Joshua, David, Judas Maccabees, 1515/1517, woodcut, Rosenwald Collection, 1943.3.5706. On Thursday night December 10, Jewish families the world over will begin to celebrate the festival of Hanukkah. And how dramatic it is: Just as the nights are starting earlier and earlier, and. . This does, however, tell the story of the Maccabees and the miracle of the oil in a fun and inspiring way. Would definitely recommend this book to anyone wanting to teach their young children about the Maccabees : Introduction The Books of the Maccabees, which record the origins of the Hanukkah story and of the Hasmonean dynasty, are represented by Josephus in the Jewish Antiquities, Book 12 Chapter 5 through Book 13 Chapter 7. These chapters are primarily a compressed version of the First Book of Maccabees, supplemented by some material from the Second Book of Maccabees War 1 37-47, with some. The Maccabees and Hanukkah. One of the brothers, speaking for the others, said: What do you expect to learn by questioning us? We are ready to die rather than transgress the laws of our ancestors. 2 Maccabees 7:2. Seven sons had been captured by the Syrians in 200 BC. They were being tortured in front of their mother
The Maccabees were a band of Jewish freedom fighters who freed Judea from the Syrian-Greek occupiers during the Second Temple period. The word Maccabee is an acronym for the Hebrew words that mean Who is like You among all powers, G‑d.Led by Judah the Maccabee and his four brothers, they trounced the Greek interlopers and restored the Holy Temple in Jerusalem to the service of G‑d The Maccabees. Hanukkah is one of the few Jewish holidays not mentioned in the Bible. The story of how Hanukkah came to be is contained in the books of 1 and 2 Maccabees, which are not part of the Jewish canon of the Hebrew Bible THE FIRST BOOK OF MACCABEES. The name Maccabee, probably meaning hammer, is actually applied in the Books of Maccabees to only one man, Judas, third son of the priest Mattathias and first leader of the revolt against the Seleucid kings who persecuted the Jews (1 Mc 2:4, 66; 2 Mc 8:5, 16; 10:1, 16).Traditionally the name has come to be extended to the brothers of Judas, his supporters. Therefore, we should thank Rabbi Arthur Chiel zl and the Rabbinical Assembly who published a Hebrew-English edition of the First Book of Maccabees, Chapters 1-4 as a separate booklet 40 years. The account of the origin of Hanukkah can be found in the historical book of Maccabees (part of what is known as the Apocrypha - a historical collection of books that has been removed from most Bibles today). The feast remembers when a Greek king named Antiochus Epiphanes invaded Jerusalem and banned anyone from reading the Holy Scriptures
The Revolt of the Maccabees: The True Story Behind Hanukkah . The ancient Israelites, led by Judas Maccabeus, did vanquish the oppressor Antiochus - but Greek rule would only be shaken off 20 years later under Judas' younger brother. A must-read before the holiday begin Books of Maccabees. The story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees, which describe in detail the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem and the lighting of the menorah. These books are not part of the canonized Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) used by modern Jews, though they were included in the Greek Septuagint
Rabbi Chalom says that if you read the book of Maccabees closely, it's clear that the 25th of Kislev on the Jewish calendar [when we celebrate Hanukkah] was the day of a Greek festival. That same date was chosen for Hanukkah even though it may have originated as a pagan celebration or even as the birthday celebration of the Hanukkah story's. Hanukkah, the holiday of light, is narrated in the four Books of the Maccabees, The Scroll of Antiochus, and The Wars of the Jews. The Greek Empire was split into Greece-Seleucid/Syria- Ptolemaic.
The book of 2 Maccabees gives a third, and rather bizarre reason, for the festival of Hanukkah. Apparently this festival existed in some form or another going back to the time of Nehemiah when it was known as The Feast of Fire. 2 Maccabees explains that when Nehemiah first offered sacrifices on his altar he expected a fire to come down from. The story of Hanukkah, which tells the origins of the Feast of Dedication, is recorded in the First Book of Maccabees. Hanukkah is called the Feast of Dedication because it celebrates the Maccabees' victory over Greek oppression and the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem Hanukkah and the Feast of Tabernacles are similar in that both include reading of the Hallel Psalms, waving of palm branches and the illumination of the Temple. In the book of Maccabees the history of the temple rededication is recorded
2 Maccabees. 1 The Jews in Jerusalem and in the land of Judea send greetings to their kindred, the Jews in Egypt, and wish them true peace! 5 hear your prayers, and be reconciled to you, and never forsake you in time of adversity. 6 Even now we are praying for you here. 8 set fire to the gatehouse and shed innocent blood The stories of Hanukkah, as told by First and Second Maccabees are fertile training ground. The first two Books of Maccabees were both written in the second century BCE. Both tell of the Maccabean. The story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the Maccabees. However, these books are not part of the Tanach (Hebrew Bible), and therefore, surprisingly, we find the clearest mention of Hanukkah in the Bible, in the New Testament! Not only did Yeshua celebrate Hanukkah, according to the Gospel of John, but he observed it in the same Temple.
Hanukkah means dedication, referring to the eight-day rededication of the ancient Temple in Jerusalem, which had been defiled by the Syrian Greeks. When the rabbis sensed that the military victory of the Maccabees might become the event most emphasized, they introduced the notion of the miraculous jug of oil that burned for eight days In addition to Jews using foreign coins as Hanukkah gelt, gift-giving was generally practiced in Greek culture during the time of the book of Maccabees. There are three examples in the books of Maccabees that describe Greeks engaging in the practice of gift-giving
Hanukkah. Light the menorah! Pass the latkes! Spin the dreidel! Celebrate Hanukkah's festivities and the story of the Maccabees with picture books from Kar-Ben. Make your festival of lights shine even brighter with fun books from Kar-Ben. Quick View. All About Hanukkah in Story and Song (MP3s - Downloadable Music Files 13 Facts About the Maccabees Every Jew Should Know. By Menachem Posner. 1. The Maccabees Are the Heroes of Chanukah. The Maccabees were Jewish fighters who led the revolt against the Syrian Greek ruling class, who had suppressed Jewish religion in an effort to spread their Hellenistic customs and idolatrous beliefs Hanukkah came early this year, beating Christmas out by a good 24 days. The first Book of Maccabees seems to back this story up, though its author doesn't seem very pleased about it: [S]ome. The Maccabees/Hasmoneans: History & Overview. The death of Alexander the Great of Greece in 323 BCE led to the breakup of the Greek empire as three of his generals fought for supremacy and divided the Middle East among themselves. Ptolemy secured control of Egypt and the Land of Israel. Seleucus grabbed Syria and Asia Minor, and Antigonus took.
The Books Of The Maccabees. Download and Read online The Books Of The Maccabees ebooks in PDF, epub, Tuebl Mobi, Kindle Book. Get Free The Books Of The Maccabees Textbook and unlimited access to our library by created an account. Fast Download speed and ads Free Apocrypha means the hidden books, of which one of those books is The Maccabees books, which have also been titled The Maccabees Bible by some. That being said, both of these names literally mean the same thing Today you will find out who the Maccabees were and the famous Maccabean revolt which is popularly mentioned and why it happened Hanukkah, Parents goes on to explain, means dedication in Hebrew, and the Jewish holiday, also known as The Festival of Lights, represents joy. In the second book of Maccabees, for example.
The story of Hanukkah doesn't even appear in the Torah—the books of 1 and 2 Maccabees are in the Catholic Bible, not the Hebrew one. The saga is briefly described in the Talmud—a tale of. Hanukkah means Dedication. It is the story of how a small band of Jewish rebels called the Maccabees fought against an overwhelmingly powerful imperial force. According to the popular legend, when the Maccabees recaptured the Temple, they went to re-light the Menorah lamp that was supposed to stand continually in the presence of God 2 Maccabees is a summary of Jason's five-volume work. (Jason of Cyrene was a Hellenized Jew who wrote a five-volume history on the times of the Maccabees. This work no longer exists, but is the basis for 2 Maccabees.) This history includes battles with Antiochus IV and his son. The victors had apparitions from heaven Young athletes are engaged in a wrestling match as the story begins. There is competition not only for the title but also for the culture. The Jews are being.. The Hanukkah menorah actually has nine branches, and this article dives into the why of that. Families will recite blessings, and the story of the Maccabees (found in the apocryphal books of the Maccabees) will be read. Those who celebrate may also spin a dreidel, adapted from a German gambling game from the 16 th century
Tonight at sundown begins the festival of Dedication, more popularly known as Hanukkah--the festival of Lights. This special Jewish festival that non-Jews often mistakenly think of as the Jewish Christmas, has its origins in the revolt of the Maccabees against the infamous Greco-Syrian ruler Antiochus IV (aka Epiphanes) in 167 BCE. You can find the colorful and bloody story in 1 Maccabees 1-4. According to most modern scholars — and a few rabbis I called on to help me out — the story of Hanukkah is based on a historical conflict between the Maccabees and the Hellenized Jews, the. Hanukkah, Parents goes on to explain, the first two books of the Maccabees detail a revolt led by the patriarch Mattathias and his five sons against the Hellenistic king Antiochus, who had. The Books of the Maccabees Quotes Showing 1-2 of 2. And they cut in pieces, and burnt with fire the books of the law of God: 60 And every one with whom the books of the testament of the Lord were. ― Anonymous Jewish Historians, The Books of the Maccabees: Books 1 & 2 The gold foil-wrapped chocolate coins that are given to children and eaten during Hanukkah began as an act of rebellion, according to Creditor, after the Maccabees defeated the Greeks and.
Hanukkah is not a feast of the Lord explicitly commanded by God in Scripture, as the events took place some 200 years after the last book of the Tanach (Old Testament) was written. Yet it still can be referred to as a biblical feast as the events surrounding Hanukkah were precisely prophesied by the prophet Daniel some 500 years before. The Oil that Fueled the Hanukkah Miracle. December 25, 200512:00 AM ET. Heard on All Things Considered. Sunday evening marks the beginning of the Jewish festival of Hanukkah. Jews celebrate their.
THE MACCABEES AND HANUKKAH (1&2 Maccabees) Using Your Imagination Judah and his brothers and all the congregation of Israel decreed that the days of the rededication of the altar should be observed at their season, every year, for eight days, beginning with the twenty-fifth of the month of Chislev, with gladness and joy. 1 Maccabees 4:5 The book of 2 Maccabees records that Judas Maccabaeus instituted the eight-day festival because, Solomon also kept the eight days, when the original Temple was dedicated (2 Macc 2:12). The Jewish Talmud offers another tradition to explain the eight days of Hanukkah
Our historical source for the holiday is the apocryphal Book of Maccabees 4:52 ff. where we read of the Maccabean rededication of the Temple on 25 Kislev, the traditional date of Hanukkah. 5 The most commonly cited source for the history of that time is the book First Maccabees, which was written in about 100 BCE, not too long after the events it describes Move Aside Maccabees - Meet Hannah The Hanukkah Hero The book and doll set is the most recent addition to the Mensch on a Bench mishpacha, a family of books and dolls created to introduce.
An Eternal Flame . Hanukkah is the only Jewish holiday that isn't commanded in Scriptures, and while we do have the Book of Maccabees, it was never made part of the Bible. So it makes sense that generations later the Jewish sages asked, Why Hanukkah?What is the focus of this holiday? Now, one answer could be in order to remember the miraculous military victory of the Jews over the. Hanukkah—the Festival of Lights—is supposed to commemorate the miracle of the candles in the Temple, newly re-sanctified by the victorious Maccabees, which burned for eight days when there was. Alexander the Great - After Alexander son of Philip, the Macedonian, who came from the land of Kittim, had defeated King Darius of the Persians and the Medes, he succeeded him as king. (He had previously become king of Greece.) He fought many battles, conquered strongholds, and put to death the kings of the earth. He advanced to the ends of the earth, and plundered many nations. When the earth.
In 1 Maccabees Chapter 4, the eight days of Hanukkah are said to begin on the 25th of Kislev (as we currently celebrate it), and the reason given for the eight day period of celebration is that the Maccabees celebrated the dedication of the altar eight days. So, חנוכת המזבח, as it appears in the song Maoz Tsur is given as the main reason for the holiday According to the Book of Maccabees, which most scholars believe was written shortly after the Maccabean revolt, Hanukkah was born of another holiday: Sukkot. When the Maccabees finally retook the. Historian Bezalel Bar-Kochba, in his book Judas Maccabeus, presents a thorough analysis of the available textual evidence demonstrating that the authors of the Maccabees books tended to exaggerate differences in manpower between the two armies, so as to make the Jewish victory seem all the more miraculous
1 Maccabees is a historical book, concerned to relay the events of the period as closely as possible. 2 Maccabees falls more into theological history, in other words the attempt to reflect on God's role in the events described. Do a bit of research on Hanukkah and talk what you have learnt about this very important Jewish festival *Some rabbis and scholars believe the Hanukkah story isn't what I wrote; I simply wrote about a widely-accepted-as-truth Hanukkah story. Also, people have come up with other rationales for the creation of another Hanukkah story and why the Maccabees aren't in the Tanakh, but I chose to write only about what I was taught ** However, the Maccabees did in fact recapture, restore and rededicate the Temple. Hanukkah commemorates that rededication. Therefore, Hanukkah, which means Feast of Dedication, is a perfect time to rededicate your living temple (1 Cor. 6:19) to the God of miracles and blazing love-light Although the First Book of Maccabees is firmly planted in an Old Testament ambience in terms of thoughts on the afterlife, the Second Book looks resolutely toward the New Testament