Fire scene size up examples

Key points for scene size ups Brothers Helping Brother

The fire service loves acronyms and of course we have some for scene size-up. Some of these acronyms are long and difficult to remember. This one for example, COAL WAS WEALTH, may be easy to remember until you try to recall what all the letters stand for The size-up should also include whether the fire is controllable with the resources on scene or if more help is needed. As the fire attack progresses, so will the size-up Having a standard approach to initial scene size-up is paramount to the start of a successful operation. Fire in the cockloft may prompt the initial incident commander to call for additional. Most times a simple Engine 1 is on the scene with a working fire in a 21/2-story frame, fire on the first floor will suffice for a house fire. Notice that an overall size of the fire.

Conducting A Proper Size-Up Firehous

  1. The definition of size-up should be broadened so to state that size-up is a continuing evaluation of information received incorporated with your personal observations at a fire or emergency scene
  2. First-Due Officer Size-Up Scenario. By. FireRescue staff. -. 8.1.2018. How would you and your crew act at this fire? Review the video and related training articles with your firefighters.
  3. The Scene Size-up is the first section of both the Patient Assessment/Management Medical and Trauma skills as set forth by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians. It can be easy to habitually repeat BSI, scene safe while practicing skills. Over time they can become a requirement for passing a test, rather than a way to.
  4. The Initial Report: The initial report, or size-up, is the first time the evaluators get to see you in action. It will set the tone for your emergency scene fire simulator and is the starting point for a good score. A strong initial report will help the raters form a good first impression of you
  5. On Scene Incident CommanderSize-Up. What is the smoke telling you. Where is the fire going. Are exposures a concern. Has the fire grown since initial size-up. Time to stabilize the incident. Are mechanisms in place to control the incident. What indicators inside should be of concern. Flow path. Wind, Timer started. First Five Minute

Fireground Basic Size-Up for the First-Due Engine

Accountability & Scene Size Up 314876 PPT. Presentation Summary : Select a Strategy and Tactics. RECEO VS - Rescue, Exposure, Confine, Extinguish, Overhaul, Ventilate, Salvage - fire attack method. Initial size-up- Companies on Bravo six, E1 has arrived on the alpha side of a one, possibly two story residential structure with a basement Comment- After your initial three sided size-up, it would appear that there is an occupied basement. Completing a 360 size up would help determine whether the basement had interior/ exterior access o Join veteran Craig Duck as he goes over the basics on how to give a good initial size-up. Learn tried and true techniques to make you better at this task.Che..

An example of incident goals, in priority order, for a structure fire in a two-story, single-family dwelling with fire showing from a kitchen window on Side C at 2 a.m. would be: account for. The size up must be rapid and accurate. Sounds a lot like a fireground size-up, doesn't it? For once, your genetic engineering is working in your favor when it comes to making an accurate, timely incident scene size-up. The secondary size-up. The secondary size-up is as important as the primary Emergency Scene Size Up - First Responders Every situation is unique in some respect, this is why a SCENE SIZE UP must be performed for all operations. Not every call may warrant a 360 walk around, medicals for example, however a size up of the area of operations must be performed Sample Command Statements. Sample 1 - Engine 3 on-scene. Smoke and fire visible from second floor, side Alpha of a two-story wood frame residential duplex. Engine 3 will be in Offensive Mode, establishing Command at the intersection of Fowler and Kessler Streets. Call sign will be 'Kessler Command'. Sample 2 - Engine 102 on-scene

The first arriving officer (whether a chief, engine company or ladder company officer) at the scene of a working fire is tasked with many responsibilities. They must convey a variety of information over the radio, essentially make sense out of an often chaotic scene and direct their crew and/or incoming crews the strategy that will be implemented to attack and extinguish the fire. The Academy. Define size-up and discuss the various stages. Define staging and give examples of when it is necessary to stage. Discuss potential additional dangers for EMS physicians responding to the scene alone. Describe some situational awareness tactics. Describe some ways to assist yourself and other providers in escaping a suddenly dangerous scene This is an offensive fire attack. Engine 11 will be 7th Street Command. For a defensive fire ‐ Engine 11 to Alarm ‐ Engine 11 is on the scene of a medium size warehouse fully involved with exposures to the east. Engine 11 is laying a supply line and attacking the fire with a stan Size-up is so much more than that. It's really about gathering the information you need to fight the fire or mitigate the emergency safely and efficiently. Every building is different, at least to some degree. Every fire is different to some degree. Size-up starts in quarters and continues until the FD leaves the scene

FIVE-POINT SIZE-UP Fire Engineerin

2-Story Wood -Frame Garden Style Apartment 24 apartments under roof no fire wall Scene Size-Up and Stress-Tempered Communication. Here's an interesting comment I found in the USFA's Technical Report Series on Improving Fireground Communications (USFA-TR-099/January 1999) ( PDF ): There is a dearth of available literature pertaining to the impact of human facts on effective fireground communication [] while fire. Size up incident scene for hazards, fire conditions, type of fuel that is burning, wind conditions, escape routes, etc 3. Verify foam type and concentration are appropriate for fuel and fire conditions 4. Verify attack line is functioning and ready for attack 5. Extend hoseline to point of fire attack, upwind and uphill, able to appl 6.0 fire scene procedures response to call scene safety and protective gear size-up incident command 7.0 unusual incident reports 8.0 conduct general definitions 9.0 discipline 9.1 offenses 9.2 disciplinary actions 9.3 loss of voting privileges 10.0 equipment accountability & car

Working House Fire At 50 Washington In New Chicago In

SCENE SIZE-UP Fire Chief Signature January 1, 2021 SOG: 017 Effective: 01Apr13 Revised: 01Jan2021 Page: 1 of 2 Purpose: To establish a standard procedure providing guidance for Incident Command or the first arriving Officer on scene. Scene Size-up is a process of information and evaluation that begins when the call is received. It is Situation Size-up, July 9, 2012 What needs to be done? Colfax IC, this is Colfax Search One. Single family residence, 12345 Colfax at Collins, fire showing from the first floor rear, persons trapped on the second floor. Now we know more about the situation. The IC and others know that fire suppression and rescue are involved. Who needs to do it Spill, leak, or fire. Confined spaces such as caves require SCBA (self-contained breathing apparatus). Suspect toxic environment if everyone in the area suffer from similar symptoms. Scene control: tell crowds to step back. Introduce yourself to patients and always ask for their consent to any treatment

Size-Up Firehous

Fire is actually a by-product of a larger process called combustion. In order for combustion supervisors will determine the right fire-control tactics after a thorough scene size-up. Page 8 Direct vs. indirect attack When you respond to a wildland scene, your incident commander (IC) will assess condition CERT Search and Rescue Size up Checklist Step 1: Gather Facts Time Does the time of day or week affect search and rescue efforts Don't get caught off guard on your next emergency response call. At American Trade Mark, we've put together tips to help you create a strong incident action plan. We want to be prepared for every fire scene, natural disaster, or other call for help. Find out how planning ahead and making use of the best [

First-Due Officer Size-Up Scenario FirefighterNatio

Fire Ground: Term used for area around fire scene. Size Up: Term used for description of scene by units on scene example E-53 on one story brick heavy fire smoke showing using big booster next in company bring me a line Exposures: Term used for buildings and other items close to a fire. Tool: Term used for Jaws of Life Scene size-up is a multifaceted process that occurs before and immediately upon arrival at the scene, prior to executing any other activities. The purpose of scene size-up is to expeditiously ensure that there is a safe scene on which to provide care, and that the proper resources are summoned to the scene according to the number of patients. 1 OSHA FIRE INVESTIGATOR OPERATIONS SAFETY CHECKLISTS These checklists are provided as examples and are by no means all-inclusive. Fire service and law enforcement agencies should review them and add or delete items that do no

Scene Size-Up - EMT Training Bas

  1. It's time to size up the scene. What's a Scene Size-Up. Sizing up the scene begins a process of making sense of the situation, a process that continues as you gather more information in the patient assessment. Your observations of weather, terrain, bystanders, and the patient's position are your first clues as to how an injury occurred, the.
  2. Sample IDEAL Size-up / First-in Report Fire department dispatch from Engine 3 (I) - we are on the scene of a multi-story school with nothing showing (D) - we'll be investigating (E) - Captain Morgan will be Command (A) - Ladder 7 & Rescue10 can stage out on Badger Avenu e (L
  3. 2. Proximity and threat of fire to values L M H 3. Social/economic concerns L M H Hazards Note/Mitigation 1. Fuel conditions L M H 2. Fire behavior L M H 3. Potential fire growth L M H Probability Note/Mitigation 1. Time of season L M H 2. Barriers to fire spread L M H 3. Seasonal severity E L/ M H VH

-scene is a dynamic environment and dangers that didn't exist on scene arrival may come up -family members could become violent 11.3 Given a scene-arrival scenario, list several examples of potential hazards for which the EMT should actively search Transitional Fire Attack It is recognized by FIRESCOPE that the vast majority of structure fires are short term incidents (less than one operational period). Due to the compressed time frame, most structure fire incident management systems incorporate only the Command and Operations functions of ICS An example would be the Initial Size-Up or 952/Report on Conditions. An appropriate Size-Up or 952 would layout similar to this: Battalion 1 and all incoming units, Engine 1 is on scene with four at 1313 Mockingbird Lane of a two-story single family dwelling with heavy pressurized smoke coming from the upper floors and visible fire on. You are only limited to what you can see and imagine on the scene. Tactical Objectives and Benchmarks NIOSH reports continue to note problems with communications; not feeding the right information to the right people. The fire service has a problem with some members using the radio to an extreme, giving a doctoral dissertation However, an observer at the scene with a scanner heard a radio transmission Help, help, help, third-floor attic and immediately reported this to a fire officer on-scene. It was not clear what action was taken; but a second alarm was not called for another 16 minutes (33 minutes into the fire), and the first of the fatalitie

Chief does 360 size-up with video for training & fire

Fire Lieutenant Simulations Emergency Scene Simulations

be leaving the fire scene at a high rate of speed. 5 Arrival on the Scene During size-up, make note of the flame and smoke location. They should evaluate flame and smoke color. Also they should determine if the fire is self-ventilating. Important 5. Ask for help. This tip actually serves two purposes. On scene when performing the size-up, close your initial communication to dispatch with a request for resources based on the estimated. The incident commander tells the units on the scene what needs to be done (extinguish the fire on the 2nd floor, search the building, or protect the items in the basement). Notice these examples stated what needed to be done, but not how to do it. It is the responsibility of the crews on the scene to carry out the orders Objective is to develop a plan to implement tactical operations with a minimum of 2 firefighters arriving on the scene simultaneously. The objective is to evaluate at least two persons operating as a team to begin basic tactical operations. This drill develops a consistent plan of what is expected of firefighters arriving at a working [ FIRE DANGER. Spot Weather Observation and Forecast Request * Blocks 1-8 filled out by dispatch! 9. Ignition/Incident Time and Date: 12. Reason for Spot Request: D Wildfire D Non-Wildfire 13. Latitude/Longitude: 10. Size (Acres) 14. Elevation Top: Bottom: 11. Type of Incident D D Prescribed Fire D Wildland Fire Use 15. Drainage: 16. Aspect 17.

Firefighters and Smoke Disorientation – Fire & EMS Leader Pro

The On Scene Size Up Brothers Helping Brother

a house fire, for example. a routine (be careful about using that term) house fire with no report of known victims in a ing the chaotic scene and two key objectives. as companies arrive and are assigned to the inside of the house, they know align more easily. an ineffective ongoing size-up, unclear com-munications, and a lack of. Working/Confirmed Fire Protocol Units can be assigned again the Incident scene, but most of the time, they will be placed back into service. Rehab: Day 1 PowerPoint To quickly establish and confirm a to Size-Up using the standard information management forms and th

First In HAZMAT size up - HazmatNatio

The scene size up is the first part of the patient assessment process. It begins as you approach the scene, surveying it to determine: A. if there are any threats to your patients safety B. the number of injured C. personal safety of all those involved in the call D. the MO 2.) Scene Size Up a. First arriving fire apparatus conduct detailed, short size-up with regard to incoming units. b. Update scene size up after initial contact with EMS and initial investigation. 3.) Scene Management a. Designate extrication team (ext. officer, tools, power unit, hose line). b. Assess scene priorities. c. Direct incoming crews. Fully engulfed: Term of size-up meaning fire, heat and smoke in a structure are so widespread that internal access must wait until fire streams can be applied. G. Gas cooling or 3D water-fog: Branch technique where water spray in correct quantities can result in contraction of the gases without the over production of steam. May assist as a. One story Victorian style house fire simulator is great for firefighter training, officer development and incident command drills 1 Story Victorian Click, Drag & Dr op on the Scene Scene Size-Up..9 Primary Assessment The Lincoln Fire & Rescue Emergency Medical Services System is Examples include: patient and scene assessment, cervical spine stabilization, oxygen administration, splinting and bleeding control, and blood suga

2 vital fire acronyms: RECEO-VS and COAL WAS WEALT

Supervises and performs emergency scene operations involving fire suppression, including size-up, pumper operations, forcible entry, ventilation, salvage and overhaul, and the containment and control of hazardous materials. Supervises search and rescue and emergency medical procedures scene. This includes those that arrived on the scene initially (law enforcement, fire, emergency medical services, etc.) as well as those who arrive later to assist with the scene (highway department personnel, insurance investigators, engineers, etc.). When incidents require a multi-jurisdictional or multi-agency response, the guidelines of. Fire Crew Camp weekend at least once every three years (triennially). Individuals are required to attend a NWCG cooperator led RT‐130 annually. The RT‐130 must include fire shelter practice deployment. Guidance for this RT‐130 can be found on IntraForestry. The RT‐130 is required for all NWCG positions Arriving on Scene/ The Scene Size-up - Is LE or other resources on scene, or are they needed? - Does the call have circumstances that call for strategic parking? - i.e., MVA with heavy traffic, house/car fire, escaping gases/liquids, etc. - Are there any clues that make you feel that something isn't right The development of any National Fire Academy (NFA) course is a complex process aimed at providing students with the best possible learning opportunity we can deliver. There are many players in course development, each of whom plays an equally important part in its success

Fire Captain: Phillip Goldbloom. Latest News 4th of July Firework Information. Firework sales begin July 1 at various stands in the district. You are allowed to discharge fireworks between July 1 and July 4 at midnight only within the Templeton District. Safe and Sane fireworks are allowed, however, any firework that leaves the ground is. 2. Pay strict attention to hazardous scenes: Whether you are on an auto accident scene, fire scene or some other traumatic scene, you need to be aware of everything around you. Downed power lines, fuel leaks, hazardous material leaks, building collapses or industrial facilities are a few areas where you need to pay strict attention to the scene The Easiest Fire Simulator! SimsUshare CTC™ is versatile training simulation software: a virtual incident command simulator, fire simulator, HazMat simulator, safety simulator, command training center, all rolled into one!Easily and rapidly create all-hazards training simulations using your own photos. Add realistic smoke, fire, and other effects to create an unlimited number of incidents COMMAND SAFETY ENSURES THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF SAFETY FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT MEMBERS OPERATING AT EMERGENCY INCIDENTS The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - LODD report #F2013-16 - Blue Card is 100% based on Command Safety, Fire Command, and the 8 Functions of Command Size - up Stabilization Scene Management Safety... m o r e t h a n f i g h t i n g f i r e s Ch.25. Ch.25. S . Size - up FIRE CONTROL HOTLINE Note: Tests show both boosters combined do not.

Click on the image to view an example of computer fire modeling. In addition, the simulation results emphasize the importance of including wind conditions in the scene size-up before beginning and while performing firefighting operations and adjusting tactics based on the wind conditions Whether you are on a dedicated woodland fire crew or IC for a structural firefighting team that also deals with forest fires from time to time, fire scene safety is crucial. At American Trademark, we have put together some wildfire safety tips to help keep your emergency personnel safe. Wildland Fire Hazards Being unaware of [ Respond to all fire alarms and emergency calls within my assigned district in order to perform a proper scene size-up to mitigate and/or eliminate potential hazards. Direct and assist subordinates in fire scene management, emergency medical care, station maintenance, etc. to ensure that departmental goals are efficiently achieved

Search, rescue, fire attack, and ventilation are just some examples of these tactics.You may also see smart action plans. Out of the four components included in this list, the greatest consideration should be given to the operational priority. For starters, the decisions made in this step can greatly affect the outcome of the entire operation Fire behavior. Resources on the fire and those needed. Estimated containment and control times. Cause (known, suspected, under investigation). After your initial sizeup of the fire and/or transition from an initial attack IC, answer the following questions. Repeat this analysis whenever there is a change, or predicted change, in conditions on.

Size up: Fire dispatch from E133, we are on location of a large, 2 story business office. Be advised we have heavy smoke and light flames visible from the exterior on side delta. At this time declaring a working fire, go ahead and set off working tones, as well as mutual aid ***** fire for an engine and truck company I acknowledge there may be conditions that make completing a 360° size up difficult, if not impossible. For example, on June 2, 2011 two firefighters were killed in a residential dwelling fire where a 360° size up was not completed. The house was built on the side of a steep hill, making it very difficult to complete the 360

Ppt Fire-scene-size-up Powerpoint Presentations and

Building Information: Note: For this drill the first due engine is connected to a positive water source and is 50 feet from the main entrance. This drill is part of the Firefighter Proving Grounds Size-Up Series. This series is designed for firefighters to drill and train with their departments using their SOP's I hope this is not too long, This is from my vehicle fire class but works for any fire. A Good Size-up Is A Four Part Process. 1. Dispatch Size-up 2. Approaching Size-up 3. Arrival Size-up 4. On scene Size-up Dispatch size-up begins, when you roll out of the door. Always repeat the address back to dispatch. Ask for additional information Scene control Utilities 1.02 1 / 4 4/22/2014 SAMPLE. Size-Up / Operations Conduct a 360 degree assessment Perform risk analysis Consider Life Safety Hazards Secure the scene Survey scene safety Fire Gas leaks Broken water pipes Broken water mains Downed power lines Hazardous energ Fire fighters are constantly exposed to toxic environments, including fuel spills and chemical releases. Fire fighters are specially trained to size up the hazardous material at the scene and apply the appropriate techniques for fire suppression, clean-up and rescue. Federal law requires HazMat training for all first responders

(1) Identify on-scene hazards that could lead to a Mayday situation; (2) Identify situations in which a Mayday transmission is appropriate; (3) Identify the actions of all participants to be taken in the event a Mayday i Fire Police Response to Incidents. activated only while the vehicle is stopped at incidents or when it is necessary to enter an otherwise-closed incident scene. Size Up. Once a proper person arrives and conducts a size-up, the size-up will state whether emergent traffic control is needed. The response mode will be upgraded or downgraded. Fire (Manageable and Unmanageable) This emergency scenario is about patient-visitor disruption, and is set up for role-play and case review with your staff. 1) The person facilitating scenarios can print out the pages below. 2) Undertake a role-play as if this were actually occurring in your clinic

Firefighter Photos - Chester Heights House Fire Photossize-up | Fireground Leadership

This handbook is intended as a guide to recommended practices for the collection and preservation of evidence at fire/arson scenes. [1] Follow Agency Policies! Actions taken following these guides should be performed in accordance with department policies and procedures and federal and state laws. Jurisdictional, logistical or legal conditions may preclude the use of particular procedures. Drag and Drop Smoke and Fire Simulations. Easy to use online fireground simulators for incident command drills, tactical training, officer development, department firefighter testing or presentations. Anywhere movable smoke and fire in a simulated fire incident is required. Simply click on one of the potential fire scene links below Derby Fire Department Standard Operating Procedure Number 02 Incident Command - Scene Designation System . 1. Purpose . 1.1. A standard scene designation system has been developed to prevent confusion, and thus subsequent error, when identifying a location within, or relative to, the fire building 7. Fire Incident Management Situation Report. 8. Office Fire Incident Report. 9. Fire Incident Report Request. 10. Fire Department Incident Report. We have listed some of the Fire Incident Report Examples & Templates that will make it sure that none of these crucial points will be overlooked

around the inside and outside of the incident scene, they will receive size-up information in the form of progress/CAN reports from these different positions. The IC must consider Some examples of red flags include: Fire in the attic space Fire in a basement Operating above a fire (basements, floor above the fire S‐Size Up L‐Locate the Fire I‐Identify and Control the Flow Path for Air C‐Cool the space from the Safest Location Extinguish the Fire R‐Rescue S‐Salvage SLICERS It Could Be Worse 110 Engine Companies 20 Bulldozers 40 Hand Crews ( that is 20 people per team) Tenders and Tanker Size up begins after a call is dispatched. On the ride to the scene, all members should start to think about all potential impacts that the location will have on the type of incident. Upon arrival of the first due officer in charge he or she should give a detailed description of the incident ove Clear alarm and when acknowledged Engine 11 is on the scene of a medium size warehouse fully involved with exposures to the east. Engine 11 is laying a supply line and attacking the fire with a stang gun and a hand-line to the east exposure to check for extension. This is a defensive fire. Pump 11 will be North side accountability

arrives on scene Sets up command post Performs size-up, communicates initial size-up report to dispatch and incoming units Directs fire ground operations NOTE: Efforts have been made to ensure that the required or suggested responses do not conflict between the New Jersey IMS and the ICS 200 VI) Size-Up Practice Scenarios A) Attachments: 1) Appendix 1 (1 page) 2) Appendix 2 (3 pages) 3) Appendix 3 (3 pages) 4) Appendix 4 (3 pages) VII) Conclusion A) Reviewed the concept of size-up of an incident scene. B) Discussed the importance of conducting a complete and comprehensive size up on an incident scene

Fully Involved? 2 drills to practice the age-old

One of the most important tasks performed by the person sitting in the front passenger seat of fire apparatus (The Chosen Few) is giving a first-in incident size-up report. What's often times frustrating for these chosen few is that the fire scene size-up acronyms we are taught get quite lengthy and confusing On scene reports and size up 1. ON SCENE REPORTS AND SIZE UP 8 CRITICAL FIREGROUND FACTORS INITIAL ON SCENE REPORT 8 FUNCTIONS OF COMMAND 2. 8 FUNCTIONS OF COMMAND 1.1. Assumption, Confirmation, & PositioningAssumption, Confirmation, & Positioning 2.2. Situation EvaluationSituation Evaluation 3.3. CommunicationsCommunications 4.4

BSI, Scene Size-Up, and Primary Assessment Script -BSI Scene Size-Up 1. Scene/Situation Safe a. Is the scene safe? b. What do I see? 2. Determine MOI/NOI a. What happened? ***Listen for the chief complaint!!*** 3. Number of Patients a. Is this my only patient? 4. Requests additional help/Resources a. Based on scene safety, MOI/NOI, and number. Insufficient scene size-up and risk assessment.> Inadequate disposal/storage of materials. Key Recommendations. Ensure that high risk sites such as foundries, mills, processing plants, etc. are pre-planned by conducting a walk through by all possible responding fire departments and that the plan is updated annually Give three examples of what should be included in a scene size-up. Who should provide the scene size-up? _____ On a building with standpipes and sprinklers what are the tasks of the following units? 1 st in Engine - 2 nd in Engine - On scene command will give staging instructions. What is the meaning of each staging level? Level I - Level II The three phases of size-up — day before, day of, and on scene — ensure collaboration between multiple agencies with the highest regard for life safety, incident stabilization and property.

CDC - Directory of Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and

You're on the scene of a fire, and you've just finished getting it under control. By being able to size up the need for an investigation, the officer can be instrumental in helping to identify a potential arson fire and contribute significantly to the conviction of this person. (For example, did the fire start in a pile of. A common example of a time-critical policy deviation is failure to perform a 360-degree assessment, per scene-arrival procedures, when confronted with visible smoke and fire upon arrival. Instead, the crew immediately commences operations based on what the company officer sees in front of him or her, leading to a failure to fully size-up the. Locating the Fire. Officer/IC; 360 degree size-up. Use thermal imaging camera. Assess condition of smoke. High ceilings can hide things. Watch for signs of flashover. The first arriving officer should ensure that a 360⁰ exterior reconnaissance is performed as part of the initial size-up Structural firefighters and chief officers use handheld thermal imaging cameras in daily operations - from size up to overhaul. Traditionally, fire personnel deploy TICs to: Do initial scene size-up for incident commanders; Assist attack crews with locating the seat of the fire; Check for hot-spots during salvage and overhaul operation opinions. The PIA is forwarded to the Fire Administrator through the appropriate Chain of Command. A PIA must be completed for: 1. A building fire in which 3 or more rooms are severely damaged by fire, or where unusual extinguishing problems existed; 2. Any fire resulting in a fatality ; 3 Figure 17: Size-up example 7... 38 Figure 18: Pre-connected quick attack monitors are beneficial for exposure protection. apparatus inspection rather than at the scene of a fire or emergency. The effective delivery of water to the fire ground is dependent on the hose, appliances, an